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Chillingham Castle

Northumberland

Intellectual life

Chillingham Castle has a long and venerable history including a visit from Edward I, and a tradition of ghost hunting. A fine 14th century castle, the early renaissance remodelling inside the defensive walls turned it into a country house. There is also an excellent estate village that was built in the 1800s.

However, it joins this list predominantly because of the indigenous herd of cattle, the Chillingham cattle that still live on its estate.

This rare breed has remained genetically isolated for hundreds of years. These distinctive white cattle with their red ears are regarded as a primitive type of cattle, and represent a determined effort by the Chillingham Wild Cattle Association to preserve the breed since 1939.

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